What Is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a hemp plant and is the cousin of the marijuana plant. CBD is in fact a component in the marijuana plant (one of hundreds) but by itself it does not cause a ‘high’ effect.

THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the main psychoactive compound found in the marijuana plant which creates the ‘high’ sensation, for CBD to be legal in the UK it must only contain 0.2% or less THC.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is the main cannabinoid found in the hemp plant, over the last few years there has been a growing interest into the therapeutic potential of CBD.

There are over 1000 compounds that have been identified in the hemp plant. Hundreds of these compounds are called terpenoids. These terpenoids give the hemp plant the beautiful aromas and flavours to name a few.

Scientists researching the CBD plant have discovered it can be good for anxiety, depression, pain relief, migraines, helping to sleep at night and much more. When CBD is ingested or applied to the skin, it is believed that it interacts with our body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which regulates pain and inflammation.

Endocannabinoid System CB1 and CB2 receptors 

CB1 receptors are primarily found in the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord.

Highly concentrated in the hippocampus, which is why cannabinoids can have a great effect on memory. Specifically involved in the process that takes place within the liver and maintains the body’s equilibrium. Influences concentration, appetite and pain tolerance.

CB2 receptors are mostly found on white blood cells and in the immune system.

Works within the immune system, affecting function like immune suppression. It can also regulate pain sensation. It has a role in diseases such as kidney problems and neurodegenerative diseases.

Effect of CBD

CBD does not stimulate either receptors, so what does it do?

CBD sort of works backwards by inhibiting the effect that THC had on receptors CB1,

reducing the psychoactive effects. CBD also blocks the body’s signalling that effects spread of cancer cells. It activates other receptors like serotonin – releasing antidepressant effects.

The same serotonin receptors is also involved in processes such as nausea and anxiety. Oil extracted from CBD can be used to slow seizure activity.

Health Benefits of CBD ( Cannabidiol ) | Anxiety | CBD Vision Ltd.UK

In Conclusion

Research from scientists conclude that CBD can provide relief from anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. It can help to reduce pain and allows to help people get a better nights sleep. People can reap the benefits of the plant without the psychoactive side effects that are found in the marijuana plant.